Dwarf Citrus 

Dwarf citrus are relatively new to Australia. At Engall’s, we believe the only true dwarf citrus are those budded (see propagating citrus) onto a dwarf rootstock called flying dragon. Other nurseries may sell cutting grown citrus as dwarf citrus and we recommend never planting these as they are very unreliable when grown on their own root system. The flying dragon rootstock limits the growth of the tree, producing an ideal dwarf tree that still produces an abundance of normal sized fruit. Therefore they are ideal for pots, courtyards or balcony gardens. The size of a dwarf tree varies depending on the variety. Most varieties will stay under 2 metres. Don't forget you can prune citrus as much as you like to keep them smaller and more compact. Our range of dwarf citrus varieties is increasing each year.





dwarf meyer lemonDWARF MEYER LEMON

Meyer is a smaller growing bushy tree, growing to a maximum height of 1.5 metres. It produces numerous crops of medium sized lemons throughout the year. The fruit has a softer skin, turning a deep golden colour when fully ripe, containing an abundance of juice that is slightly sweeter, and containing less acid than other lemons. (You may have trouble getting your cheesecake to set, using Meyer lemons). This lemon also makes a fantastic pot specimen, it is the most cold tolerant citrus.






The more traditional (your grandmother probably had one), backyard lemon. Lemons are large with a medium to thick skin with plenty of strong acidic juice, great for cooking or on those fish and chips. The best benefit is the Eureka fruits all year round, with the heaviest crop in winter, so you’re nearly always guaranteed a lemon. Eureka is the largest growing dwarf citrus and can still grow to 3 metres.






The Lemonade, looks like a lemon, but can be eaten straight from the tree, just like a mandarin or orange. It’s a lot sweeter than a lemon with a refreshing tang. It truly has to be tasted to be appreciated. It makes a refreshing drink when juiced. The tree is upright grower that produces an abundance of fruit, ripening mid winter. Be the envy of all your friends when they sample this unusual fruit, that can’t be purchased at the fruit shop.





This is the most popular lime tree. The Tahitian produces delicious juicy seedless limes that are often picked small and green, when they are stronger in flavour. Alternatively they can be left to ripen on the tree to a light yellow colour; this is when they become their juiciest. The main harvest is late autumn to mid-winter, although they can bear a smaller summer crop. Limes are a great alternative to lemons in all forms of cooking and taste great in a beer.






The Washington Navel is the most popular backyard orange grown in Australia. It is a small to medium sized tree that produces oranges ripening in mid winter. Oranges are medium to large, (depending on the quantity of fruit set), and very sweet and juicy. Skin is relatively easy to peel and being a navel, the fruit is seedless.







Fruit ripens end of April into May, making it a fantastic early season navel orange, which is sweet, seedless and juicy. Fruit can be slightly oblong in shape and has a dark orange skin. The tree is compact and bushy. For those gardeners with space, planting a Navelina, Washington and Lanes Late will find themselves harvesting Navels for up to six months of the year.






Commonly referred to as a juicing orange, the Seedless Valencia fruit are medium in size with a distinctive, fresh tang. Seedless Valencia’s best traits being that the fruit will hang on the tree for months, becoming sweeter the longer it is left on the tree. Beginning to ripen in winter the fruit can be harvested as required through to summer, making it ideal for the home gardener.






A great mandarin, which produces excellent fruit year after year. Large puffy skin that forms completely separate from the flesh makes this mandarin the easiest to peel. Good flavour with a few seeds . Fruit ripens mid winter, after the Imperial. To harvest mandarins over a longer period, plant both an Imperial and Emperor.






Imperials are medium to large in size, easy to peel, juicy and have a great strong flavour, with a few seeds. Fruit ripens late autumn, into early winter. A tree with upright growth that is dense and bushy. Increase the size of the fruit by thinning as it is developing. If you only have room for one mandarin, this is the one for you.







This is a superior form of Satsuma mandarin, selected by the late Robbie Engall. It is a fantastic mandarin for the kids, with large fruit, puffy skin, making it easy to peel, mild flavour and no seeds. Fruit ripens early, in April and May on a small growing tree, making it ideal for the courtyard garden or in a pot. Encourage your kids to be healthy and plant one today!




Engall's Expert Tip

Engall's expert tip

Before dwarf citrus were invented, we and many home gardeners have grown normal citrus varieties in large pots, very successfully for over 15 years.

The pot limits the size of the tree and there is still an abundance of fruit. Therefore if you can’t find the Dwarf variety you’re after; don’t be afraid to plant a normal tree in a pot.  


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