MANDARINS (Citrus reticulata)


IMPERIAL MANDARIN (Citrus reticulata ‘Imperial)

   Australia’s most popular grown commercial mandarin, also ideal for the backyard producing excellent quality fruit. They are medium to large in size, easy to peel, juicy and a great strong flavour, with a few seeds. Fruit ripens late autumn, into early winter. A strong growing tree, with upright growth. Increase the size of the fruit by thinning as it is developing. If you only have room for one mandarin, this is the one for you.  

EMPEROR MANDARIN (Citrus reticulata ‘Emperor’)

   Another great mandarin, which produces excellent fruit year after year. Large puffy skin that forms completely separate from the flesh makes this mandarin the easiest to peel. Good flavour, a few seeds and a strong growing tree. Fruit ripens mid winter, after the Imperial. To harvest mandarins over a longer period, plant both an Imperial and Emperor.  
   This is a superior form of Satsuma mandarin, selected by the late Robbie Engall. It is a fantastic mandarin for the kids, with large fruit, puffy skin, making it easy to peel, mild flavour and no seeds. Fruit ripens early, in April and May on a small growing tree, making it ideal for the courtyard garden or in a pot. Encourage your kids to be healthy and plant one today!  

ELLENDALE MANDARIN (Citrus reticulata ‘Ellendale’)


Old fashion variety, that is not as popular now days due to its tight skin, making it harder to peel. Fruit ripens July- August. Fruit is flat in shape and has a strong rich flavour with a few seeds. The tree is a medium size when fully grown and has a more horizontal branching shape, making it look similar to an orange tree.


THORNY MANDARIN (Citrus deliciosa)

   Unlike its name suggests, when grown on a trifoliata rootstock (see rootstocks for more info) this mandarin has little or no thorns. It produces small fruit, with the sweetest flavour, ripening mid winter. Easy to peel skin with seeds. Unfortunately the Thorny mandarin tends to bi-annual crop, cropping very heavily one year and little to no fruit the following year. Although this is a drawback, if you have the room, it is worthwhile planting a thorny as it has the sweetest of all mandarins.  

CLEMENTINE MANDARIN (Citrus reticulata ‘Clementine’)


There are many different strains, all sold under the name of clementine. The variety, we grow is Nules clementine, a newer variety to Australia. Fruit is medium sized, easy to peel with a good flavour and a few seeds. The fruit ripens mid winter. A vigorous tree.



   Although named a mandarin, this variety of unknown parentage is more like a mandarin cross orange. The large fruit is flat in shape, with a tight skin and can be seedy. It has a distinct flavour unlike other mandarins, sweet but different. The fruit ripens late, August into September, making it an ideal addition to the home orchard to increase the harvesting time of mandarins. Strong growing, upright tree.  

Engall's Expert Tip

Engall's expert tip

Because of their dense foliage and colourful fruit Mandarins make great espaliers and hedges.

Mandarins can be biennial (crops every two years). To minimise this occurring remove a small percentage of developing fruits (green fruit the size of a 10 cent piece) on heavy crops.



 Engall's Nursery has been grafting citrus for over 65 years. By grafting citrus onto a rootstock, it produces a superior tree that is disease resistant and will grow in a broad range of soil types and climatic conditions. Grafted citrus produce the highest quality fruit from a young age. Don't be fooled by cheap imitations, always plant a grafted citrus. 
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