WASHINGTON NAVEL ORANGE (Citrus sinensis ‘Washington Navel’)

   The Washington Navel is the most popular backyard orange grown in Australia. It is a small to medium sized tree that produces oranges ripening in mid winter. Oranges are medium to large, (depending on the quantity of fruit set), and very sweet and juicy. Skin is relatively easy to peel and being a navel, the fruit is seedless.  

LANES LATE NAVEL ORANGE (Citrus sinensis ‘Lanes Late Navel’)

Almost identical to the Washington Navel in all aspects apart from the fruit ripening a couple of months later, late Winter into early Spring. This makes it an ideal tree to plant alongside a Washington to extend the harvesting time of Navel oranges.

NAVELINA ORANGE (Citrus sinensis ‘Navelina’)

   Fruit ripens end of April into May, making it a fantastic early season navel orange, which is sweet, seedless and juicy. Fruit can be slightly oblong in shape and has a dark orange skin. The tree is compact and bushy. For those gardeners with space, planting a Navelina, Washington and Lanes Late will find themselves harvesting Navels for up to six months of the year.  

NEWHALL NAVEL ORANGE (Citrus sinensis ‘Newhall’)

  This is only a new variety to Engall’s list and is still being trialled. The fruit is oval in shape, making it look unusual. Aside from this unusual shape, the fruit is the sweetest navel we have tasted and this variety is sure to be a winner!  

VALENCIA ORANGE (Citrus sinensis ‘Valencia’)

   Commonly referred to as a juicing orange, the Valencia fruit are medium in size with a distinctive, fresh tang. Valencia’s best traits being that the fruit will hang on the tree for months, becoming sweeter the longer it is left on the tree. Beginning to ripen in winter the fruit can be harvested as required through to summer, making it ideal for the home gardener.  

SEEDLESS VALENCIA ORANGE (Citrus sinensis ‘Seedless Valencia’)


Very similar to the Valencia, fruit ripening a little earlier, but will still hang on the tree for up to 6 months. Although named seedless, this variety will produce a few seeds if pollinated by other varieties.


JOPPA ORANGE (Citrus sinensis ‘Joppa’)

   This is one of the original varieties that were brought here by the first fleet. Not widely grown these days, we believe it is an underrated backyard orange. The tree is a strong grower, producing fruit mid-winter. Oranges are medium sized with a good flavour, not the sweetest, but certainly juicy, a few seeds and well worth a try. It crops consistently every year.  

BLOOD ORANGE – MALTESE (Citrus sinensis ‘Maltese Blood’)


An old variety, which disappoints many of its owners, due to the lack of colour pigmentation. Although a blood orange, it will produce fruit with little or no blood colour in the Sydney climate. The same variety grown in a hotter dryer climate with cooler nights will produce a more regular distinct red pigmentation.


BLOOD ORANGE – ARNOLD (Citrus sinensis ‘Arnold Blood’)

Arnold blood a newer variety, discovered by Mike Arnold in South Australia. This variety produces a good red pigmentation in Sydney and coastal climates, although does produce better colour in cooler climates.The smallish, fruit ripens mid winter and has a distinctive tang with the red pigmentation. The tree is also small and bushy, making it suitable for pots or a small garden.


CARA CARA BLOOD ORANGE (Citrus sinensis ‘Cara Cara’)

   Cara Cara blood orange is only a new addition to Engall’s list and hasn’t been fully evaluated. It is a Navel orange producing large seedless fruit that are very sweet. Unlike other blood oranges, that produce the red pigmentation along the veins in the flesh of the fruit, the Cara flesh is all the same colour. Temperature can also affect the colouring and as seen in the above photo, this fruit grown in Dural, produced a pink flesh inside.  

SEVILLE (Citrus aurantium)

   Seville is the sour orange, used for making jams and marmalades. It has large flattish fruit which look quiet appealing, but once cut and tasted it is soon appreciated that these oranges are only meant for cooking. They have a sharp bitter tang and many seeds. The fruit ripens in mid- winter. It is a strong growing tree.  



Engall's Expert Tip

Engall's expert tip Choose early varieties, such as Navelina, for fruit early in the season and plant along side varieties such as Washington and lanes Late Navel to extend your fruiting harvest through to august. Go even further by planting a Valencia to have Oranges well into October.



 Engall's Nursery has been grafting citrus for over 65 years. By grafting citrus onto a rootstock, it produces a superior tree that is disease resistant and will grow in a broad range of soil types and climatic conditions. Grafted citrus produce the highest quality fruit from a young age. Don't be fooled by cheap imitations, always plant a grafted citrus.
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