Established Since 1946
Our Cumquat Range
There are a number of different varieties of cumquat, although they are all characterized by small leaves and a short distance between leaf buds making them a very attractive tree and a great feature tree or pot specimen. To keep your cumquats nice and bushy prune them seasonally directly after fruiting in late winter.
(x Citrofortunella microcarpa)
In the early 1990’s, Engall’s and another leading citrus nursery, renamed the Calamondin, the Australian Cumquat, as most Australians, when referring to a cumquat meant this variety. The Calamondin is also known as the Calamansi throughout parts of Asia, particularly in the Philippines. It is by far the most popular cumquat grown in Australia.
Calamondins are a bushy tree with dense foliage, making them ideal as a pot specimen, or pruned into a standard or topiary form. Tip pruning will encourage dense growth making them very effective as a semi-formal hedge or screen.
For a cumquat, the fruit can be quite large, up to golf ball in size. The fruit ripens in mid-winter, and is a bright orange colour, making a fabulous display against the green foliage. In warm climates throughout Asia the fruit may remain green. Branches with fruit are also used in floristry as they are highly ornamental.
Although the fruit can be eaten straight from the tree, it is very acidic and sour and is mainly used in preserves or in alcohol to make tasty brandies and liqueurs. It is used extensively throughout Asia, particularly the Philippines in dressings and marinades. Also see our Dwarf Calamondin variety.
A cumquat that is becoming increasingly popular in Australia, the Meiwa is a slow growing, compact, bushy and decorative tree that is ideal for growing in pots or small spaces.
In cold climates may become semi-dormant over winter, which ensures they are more cold-tolerant than other citrus.
The fruit has to be tasted to be believed. It is small, round and orange with a thick sweet and fragrant skin. Like the Nagami, the Meiwa is eaten skin and all. The flesh is sweet and tangy although there are some seeds. The Meiwa produces fruit in winter.
(Fortunella margarita ‘Nagami’)
The Nagami is an attractive small, slow growing tree making it ideal for pots and even used in Bonsai. It is a great choice for smaller spaces such as balconies and courtyards and is gaining in popularity each year.
The unusual feature of the Nagami Cumquat is that you eat the fruit whole, including the skin. The inside is still quite tart, but the skin is sweet and when eaten together it produces an unusual refreshing flavour. The fruit ripens mid to late winter and always crops very heavily, making a spectacular display against the dark green foliage.
The Variegated Cumquat is a sport of the Calamondin that has variegation on both the leaves and the fruit making it a very decorative option.
It is a very attractive tree with small foliage, making it great for screens, pots and formal gardens as its small, dense foliage ensures it works well as a standard or topiary. The striped fruit is an unusual bonus.