Established Since 1946

Dwarf Citrus

Our Dwarf Citrus Range

Engall’s Dwarf Citrus are a true dwarf tree as they are grafted onto a dwarf rootstock called ‘Flying Dragon’. This produces a slower growing tree and keeps the final, mature size of the tree to approximately half that of its regular sized version. They still produce an abundance of full-size fruit.

As our backyards become smaller and high and medium density housing increases, dwarf citrus are a perfect option for pots, balconies, courtyards and small backyards. There are many varieties to choose from and our dwarf range is increasing each year.

As with all citrus, dwarf citrus trees require a full sun position, well drained soil and regular fertilising.

DWARF – CUMQUAT CALAMONDIN

(x Citrofortunella microcarpa)

In the early 1990’s, Engall’s and another leading citrus nursery, renamed the Calamondin, the Australian Cumquat, as most Australians, when referring to a cumquat meant this variety. The Calamondin is also known as the Calamansi throughout parts of Asia, particularly in the Philippines, where the fruit remains green due to the warmer climate.

The fruit ripens in mid-winter, and is bright orange, making a fabulous display against the green foliage.  The fruit can be eaten straight from the tree but it is very acidic and sour so is mainly used in preserves, in alcohol to make tasty brandies and liqueurs and in Asian cooking as a marinade or dressing.

Calamondins are a bushy tree with dense foliage, making it ideal as a pot specimen or a screen. If planted in the ground with ideal conditions, the Dwarf Calamondin will get to about half the size of a regular tree reaching to around 1.5 metres in its lifetime. Planting in pots may reduce the height.

Red Grapefruit cut in half

DWARF – GRAPEFRUIT RED

(Citrus x paradisi)

A newer variety of grapefruit, that is quickly becoming the grapefruit of choice due to its beautiful red flesh and a flavour that is sweet while still retaining the familiar grapefruit tang. The fruit makes a wonderful juice with the red/pink colour. Similar to blood oranges, the flesh pigmentation colour varies due to climatic conditions, although it still colours well in Sydney.

As a dwarf, the tree will get to around 2 metres in ideal conditions and will still produce full sized fruit which ripens in July – August. The tree is dense and bushy with beautiful glossy leaves and crops abundantly year after year.

Eureka Lemon showing ripe fruit and cut to reveal flesh

DWARF – LEMON EUREKA

(Citrus limon ‘Eureka’)

A traditional lemon that has been a backyard favourite for generations for good reason and is a great choice for people with room for only one citrus tree. The Eureka fruits a good part of the year, with the heaviest crop in winter and then spot fruiting, so you’re nearly always guaranteed a lemon. The fruit is large with a medium to thick skin and plenty of strong acidic juice making it great for cooking, in marinades or on those fish and chips.

Eureka is one of the largest growing dwarf citrus. Grafted onto Flying Dragon rootstock, it can grow to 3 metres but will still work in a large pot as well as in the ground. 

Juicy Lisbon Lemon fruit

DWARF – LEMON LISBON

(Citrus limon ‘Lisbon’)

The Lisbon Lemon is the most common commercially grown lemon in Australia. It produces quality lemons with a thin skin, high juice content and acidity. They fruit heavily once a year in mid-winter to early spring, so are not as popular as a backyard lemon, despite the fruit quality.

Our Dwarf Lisbon Lemons are grafted onto Flying Dragon rootstock, which results in a smaller, slower growing tree reaching a maximum of 3 metres in its lifetime. They can be grown in a pot, raised garden bed or the ground.

Dwarf Lemon Meyer

DWARF – LEMON MEYER

(Citrus limon ‘Meyer’)

The Dwarf Meyer Lemon is a smaller growing bushy tree, growing to a maximum height of 1.5 metres, making it perfect for pots, balconies and courtyards. The Meyer is a prolific fruiter, producing numerous crops of medium sized lemons throughout the year. It is the lemon variety that is the most cold tolerant.

The fruit has a soft skin, turning a deep golden colour when fully ripe. The Meyer is less acidic than either the Eureka or Lisbon and is extremely juicy and easy to squeeze. Due to its less acidic qualities you may have trouble getting your cheesecake to set using Meyer Lemons, but it is well suited for use in drinks and other sweets.

Lemonade fruit cut open to reveal flesh

DWARF – LEMONADE

The Lemonade, is an unassuming fruit that looks like a lemon, but can be eaten straight from the tree, just like a mandarin or orange. It’s a lot sweeter than a lemon with a delicious and refreshing tang. It truly has to be tasted to be appreciated. It makes a fantastic old fashioned lemon squash style drink when juiced.

The tree is an upright grower, with the dwarf tree reaching around 1.5 metres. The Lemonade produces an abundance of fruit, ripening mid-winter.

Be the envy of all your friends when they sample this unusual fruit, that can’t be purchased at the fruit shop.

Kaffir Lime leaves and fruit

DWARF – LIME KAFFIR

(Citrus hystrix)

The Kaffir Lime is predominately used for its unusual double lobed leaves which chopped or crushed expel a wonderful aromatic citrus flavour that is used in many Asian dishes. The knobbly fruit looks like a small brain and has very little juice but can be used for zesting.

Our Dwarf Kaffir Limes are a small growing tree perfect for putting in a sunny spot in a pot or the ground near your kitchen! Regular pruning as the leaves are picked for use will keep the tree compact.

Be careful when purchasing a Kaffir Lime as there are a few different strains sold throughout Australia and some have large thorns. Our superior strain has small thorns and a larger leaf that is a lot more aromatic.

Tahitian Lime fruit

DWARF – LIME TAHITIAN

(Citrus latifolia)

This is the most popular backyard lime tree and the fruit you will generally find for sale when buying limes. The Tahitian produces delicious juicy seedless limes. Picked green they have a stronger flavour, alternatively they can be left to ripen on the tree to a light yellow colour which is when they become their juiciest. The main harvest is late autumn to mid-winter, although they can bear a smaller summer crop.

Limes are a great alternative to lemons in all forms of cooking and taste great in a beer. Our Dwarf Tahitian Limes are grafted onto Flying Dragon rootstock and will grow to around 1.5 metres making them about half the size of a regular Tahitian Lime tree. They are well suited to pots and like all citrus grow best in a sunny spot.

Emperor Mandarin showing easy peel skin

DWARF – MANDARIN EMPEROR

(Citrus reticulata ‘Emperor’)

A great mandarin, and a very popular commercial variety which produces excellent fruit year after year. The Emperor Mandarin is large with puffy skin that forms completely separate from the flesh, making it the easiest mandarin to peel. It has good flavour with a few seeds.

The fruit ripens mid-winter, after the Imperial, so to harvest mandarins over a longer period, plant both an Imperial and Emperor. If planted in the ground with ideal conditions, the Dwarf Emperor will get to about half the size of a regular tree reaching to around 2 metres in its lifetime. Planting in pots will reduce the height.

Dwarf Robbie Engall's Seedless Mandarin

DWARF – MANDARIN ENGALL’S SEEDLESS

(Citrus unshiu)

This is a superior form of Satsuma Mandarin, selected by the late Robbie Engall. It is a fantastic mandarin for the kids, with large fruit and puffy skin, making it easy to peel. It has a mild flavour and no seeds. It is a prolific producer with the fruit ready to pick April and May, making it one of the first mandarins to ripen.

It is a small growing tree, with a slightly pendulous habit making it ideal for the courtyard garden or in a pot. Encourage your kids to be healthy and plant one today! If planted in the ground with ideal conditions, the Dwarf Engall’s Seedless will get to about half the size of a regular tree reaching to around 1.5 metres in its lifetime.

Dwarf Imperial Mandarin

DWARF – MANDARIN IMPERIAL

(Citrus reticulata ‘Imperial’)

Imperial mandarins are a very popular commercial and backyard variety. They are medium in size, easy to peel, juicy and have a great strong flavour, with a few seeds. Fruit ripens late autumn, into early winter. A tree with upright growth that is dense and bushy.

Increase the size of the fruit by thinning as it is developing. If you only have room for one mandarin, this is the one for you. If planted in the ground with ideal conditions, the Dwarf Imperial will get to about half the size of a regular tree reaching to around 2 metres in its lifetime. Planting in pots will reduce the height.

Arnold Blood Orange showing streaky red centre

DWARF – ORANGE ARNOLD BLOOD

(Citrus sinensis ‘Arnold Blood’)

Arnold Blood is a newer variety of blood orange, discovered by Mike Arnold in South Australia. The smallish fruit ripens mid-winter and has a distinctive tang. This variety produces good red pigmentation in Sydney and coastal climates, although does produce even better colour in cooler climates where the contrast between cold and hot is greater.

The tree is small and bushy, making it suitable for pots or a small garden. If planted in the ground with ideal conditions, the Dwarf Arnold Blood will get to about half the size of a regular tree reaching to around 1.2 metres in its lifetime.

Lanes Late Navel Orange both whole fruit and cut open

DWARF – ORANGE LANES LATE NAVEL

(Citrus sinensis ‘Lanes Late Navel’)

The Lanes Late Navel produces fruit very similar to the Washington Navel with a sweet juicy flavour and a seedless fruit. As the name suggests, it is a late season navel, with the fruit ripening from late winter into early spring.

If you have room for two trees, the Lanes Late is an ideal tree to plant alongside a Washington Navel as it will extend the harvesting time and you will have delicious navel oranges for a lot longer.

If planted in the ground with ideal conditions, the Dwarf Lanes Late will get to about half the size of a regular tree reaching to around 1.5 metres in its lifetime. Planting in pots will reduce the height.

Navelina Orange

DWARF – ORANGE NAVELINA

(Citrus sinensis ‘Navelina’)

The Navelina is a navel orange with the fruit ripening at the end of April into May, making it a fantastic early season orange. The fruit is sweet and juicy and can be slightly oblong in shape with a dark orange skin.

If you have the space, planting a Navelina, Washington and Lanes Late will ensure harvesting navels for up to six months of the year.

The tree is compact and bushy. If planted in the ground with ideal conditions, the Dwarf Navelina will get to about half the size of a regular tree reaching to around 1.5 metres in its lifetime. Planting in pots will reduce the height.

Seedless Valencia Orange

DWARF – ORANGE SEEDLESS VALENCIA

(Citrus sinensis ‘Seedless Valencia’)

The Seedless Valencia fruit are medium in size with a distinctive, fresh tang. Valencia Oranges are considered the best oranges for juicing as the juice stores well.

The fruit starts to ripen in winter and will hang on the tree for months, becoming sweeter the longer it is left on the tree. Fruit can be harvested as required through to summer, making it a great orange option for the home gardener.

If planted in the ground with ideal conditions, the Dwarf Seedless Valencia will get to about half the size of a regular tree reaching to around 1.5 – 2 metres in its lifetime. Planting in pots will reduce the height.

Dwarf Washington Navel Orange

DWARF – ORANGE WASHINGTON NAVEL

(Citrus sinensis ‘Washington Navel’)

The Washington Navel is the most popular backyard orange grown in Australia. It is a good producer and one of the most cold tolerant varieties of orange.

Oranges are medium to large, (depending on the quantity of fruit set), very sweet and juicy. The skin is relatively easy to peel and being a navel, the fruit is seedless. The fruit ripens in June – July.

If planted in the ground with ideal conditions, the Dwarf Washington Navel will get to about half the size of a regular tree reaching to around 2 metres in its lifetime. Planting in pots will reduce the height.

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